Texas Hold'em No Limit Intermediate

Playing Pocket Aces

11,736 Views 21 Comments on 10/7/12

Pocket Aces, the best starting hand in poker but often very frustrating to play.

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Remember that you can learn more about Pocket Aces and how to combine cards with our Poker Hands Lessons for beginners!

Pocket Aces...The best hand in poker. 

Notpokerimage only did Melvin lose the pot with AA for the 5th time today but he also timed out on his other 4 tables despite holding strong hands. This was because Melvin’s expensive optical mouse finally shattered as a result of being repeatedly slammed on his desk. Not only is Melvin now in a terrible mood, but he now has to go out and spend $50 replacing his mouse before he can continue playing.

Does the above scenario sound familiar? Does it seem like your Aces just never win? Let’s consider some theory and strategy. Hopefully we can improve your success with pocket Aces!

Aces are not Invincible

This is not strategy as such, just something important you need to realise – for your emotional/mental health as much as anything. Aces mathematically have to lose a certain percentage of the time. Against any 2 random cards pocket Aces will have 85.2% equity. What does this mean in plain English?

If we were to get all-in pre-flop 100 times vs any 2 cards, Aces would lose about 15 times on average.

The hand with the most equity against pocket Aces is 56s (of a different suit to the Aces) and has ~23.1% equity. The hand with the least equity against Aces is A2o (2 is same suit as one of the Aces) which has about 6.5% equity.

Aces are only the nuts Pre-flop!

Faced with the opportunity to get all-in pre-flop we’d always take it. The decision is easy. Aces are the nuts pre-flop. There is no better hand our opponent can hold and our decision is guaranteed to be profitable in the long run.

Once the flop is dealt, that all changes. True, your Aces may still be a monster. In other cases, they may be rags, or very mediocre hands. In order to be successful you need to be able to evaluate how the strength of your Aces changes on various flop textures. Let’s consider a few.

We hold the aa on a flop of

1)a55 Your hand is stronger now than it was pre-flop in terms of equity. The only thing that beats you is 55. The rest of villains hands either have very little equity or are drawing completely dead. You may even want to consider slow-playing here. Whatever happens, you want to get all the money in.

2)k72This is a dry board. Your Aces are still very strong here. You should almost definitely go for some value from Kx. You should be very careful on dry boards though, if your opponent starts playing back. It’s true he may have a Kx but many players might choose to check-call with such a hand given the board is dry and there aren’t many hands you can have either. Seeing as your opponent cannot have any draws or such a board he may only be check-raising with sets. Usually you want to get the money in on these boards – but ideally your opponent will either be calling-down or betting himself. If he is raising or check/raising this board it should really set off some alarm signals.

3)q97Drawy board. Your hand is less strong here in the relative sense than on the above dry board. Ironically you should be less concerned about your opponent raising or check-raising. There are a lot of draws he can have which you are a favourite against. He may also be concerned about you having a draw and raise/check-raise a hand like AQ. If you know your opponent is capable of playing aggressively here, getting the money in often won’t be a mistake even against raises/check-raise.

4)kqjVery drawy + coordinated board. Your hand is really not great here at all. It differs from the above board because there are more combinations of strong made hands – JJ, QQ, KK, KJ, KQ, QJ to go along with the draws. Youpokerimage still might hold the best hand though. You do still have a gut-shot to the nuts, and you block the Ace-high flush-draw. Ideally you want to get to showdown if you can – but if you find yourself facing a lot of aggression it’s probably better to just lay the hand down. You certainly aren’t committed here. Getting all the money in on the flop is likely a big mistake.

5)446Low Board. These are the most villain dependant boards. The most useful piece of information to have is; what does your opponent do with a hand like 77-JJ? Some players will automatically raise/check-raise any over-pair while others play them passively; only raising trips or better. If you know your opponent will raise/check-raise over-pairs, bluffs, and draws, you should continue with the hand. Against passive opponents you need to be more cautious; folding to a lot of aggression wouldn’t be a mistake.

In general you should still try to go for value on these boards. There is a decent chance your opponent has not hit this board hard however, so betting smaller can sometimes be a good strategy.

6)8910This board is extremely co-ordinated. Your aces are little more than rags here. It might be different if you held the As, but you don’t. Even if your opponent doesn’t have you beat he is likely to have a huge amount of equity against you. Even any random spade will have over 35% equity against you. If your opponent holds the Js you are not even a favourite. There is no need to try and get to showdown on such a board. Folding to one bet is probably going to be completely acceptable.

A Common Difficult Spot

The following seems to be one of the most common way players lose their stack with AA, so watch out for it. (Check out the statistics before reviewing the hand)

MP ($25)

CO (HERO) ($25)

UTG ($25)

BB ($25)

SB ($25) (18/14/2/3) (VPIP/PFR/AF/CrFlop)

BU ($25) 

Pre-flop: Hero is CO withaa

2 folds, Hero raises to $1, BU folds, SB calls $0.85, BB folds.

Flop: ($2.25) 852 2players

Hero bets $1.35, SB raises to $4.05, Hero?

It is very important to consider who you are playing against. In this example the opponent appears tight-aggressive and has a very low check-raise stat. He’s probably not check-raising a hand like 99-JJ. QQ+ he’d probably have re-raised pre-flop. Given his low check-raise stat, he’s probably not check-raise bluffing/semi-bluffing either. We should probably fold here – even though most players won’t. If the player has a fishy looking VPIP/PFR, and/or a much higher check-raise stat then it becomes ok to still get the money in.

Some players don’t fold over-pairs – period. As you improve your hand reading ability you will begin to find spots where over-pairs are an easy fold.

Mental Strength

As we’ve seen – against any 2 cards Aces will lose 15 times out of a hundred. Probability is seemingly very random in the short term. You might lose with AA 25 times out of the hundred, or you might lose only 5. Sometimes your losses will be dispersed evenly throughout that 100 hands, while other times you might lose with Aces 5 times or more in a row.

Poker is not just about reading-people, making hands, and doing calculations. Sometimes it’s about how much crap you can take while still continuing to play a good solid game. Venting your frustration by destroying various computer accessories is rarely the answer. Sometimes players will lose 30 bucks and proceed to destroy a $500 laptop because they are so angry.

Even if you manage not to destroy your surroundings, even just feeling angry might cause you to make mistakes. Simply understanding that Aces have to lose a certain percentage of the time can make beats easier to deal with. If you can more accurately gauge the strength of your Aces on various flops you should also find yourself losing those big pots a lot less often too.




I am of British nationality and go by the online alias w34z3l. I am considered one of the top consultants in the field for technical analysis (i.e. database work) and application of game theory concepts to various card games. I make a range of educational content ( ... Read More


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giantpokeron 1/9/17

lot of time i lose with AA


FierceProPlayeron 29/5/16

Immune to tilt, or bad beats! Unaffected by it!


iNothingToLoseon 1/4/15

i think one of the most useful skills of poker players is to deal with tilt, so deal with it when u loose with aces


Jamieon 16/1/15

I just lose with AA :-(


narunon 15/1/15

I see lot of players that can't fold AA for nothing, like you said Aces have to lose a certain percentage of the time and with this post will help us identify where our Aces aren't good.


Makitaon 21/12/14

Learn to fold Aces on the flop is hard. Great article!


Moring25on 9/12/14

Very good article, tanks.

Romulus K.

Romulus K.on 30/11/14

I´m more and more enclined to believe that going all-in preflop with AA, unless forced to, it´s less and less a good option. And I think that´s the case for many other strong starting hands, not only AA.


gahooryon 25/11/14

: )


OTTO_Lon 21/11/14



vatopkron 18/11/14

Thanks. very good article.


jongordon84on 31/10/14

Ah, just found the "playing AK" article.


jongordon84on 31/10/14

Great article, so useful. Is there a similar one for AK? I seem to lose a lot of hands with it, suited or not.


davo7790on 26/10/14



NAT3_M0N3Yon 19/10/14



w34z3lon 15/9/14

Hey, thanks a lot guys!


Jon-PokerVIPon 8/9/14

Yeh just always be careful when facing a lot of action and you are holding only 1 pair....even if that pair is aces.


UKGRRiton 4/8/14

great article. When playing well i remind myself that my AA was never 100% in pre-flop all ins. In a poorer frame of mind all sorts of shit storms may go off when the rockets loose. The 56s% v AA and been aware to play AA accordingly on different flops = top read. thx


othd13on 26/7/14

A Common Difficult Spot extacly i make a mistake today :D. very helpful article!!



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